Cham island( Cu Lao Cham) belonging to Hoian town in Quang Nam province comprises of several islets including the Lao, Lui, Dai, Mo, Kho, La, Tai and Nom, of which Lao is the biggest. On this islet, there are the beaches of the Ong, Lang nad Huong with about 3,000 inhabitants who earn their living by fishing and farming. Lao islet has primeval forests, streams and beautiful beaches with clear, blue water.
Ten years ago, due to loose management, the local forest and sea resources were over exploited by man. In the past, visitors from the mainland used to pillage the local coral to keep as a souvenir, but now, this practice is strictly prohibited.
Around Cu Lao Cham there are 135 species of coral, of which 6 have been recognised as unique to Vietnam’s sea of Vietnam Travel, 500 species of coralline and seaweed, 202 species of fish, 4 species of lobsters and 84 species of molluscs. The coral reefs around Cu Lao Cham are highly valued by scientists and listed in the book for special protection. In October 2003, Cu Lao Cham Nature Reserve was established and become one of Vietnam’s 15 marine reserves.
Cu Lao Cham islet has a rocky abrupt shoreline where the sea waves crash, creating magnificent views. In the large open caves, like the To Vo and Kho, swifts build their nests on the high cliffs. The swifts nest is a tonic food. Each year, about 400kg of swift nests are exported, bringing a turnover of US$2 million to the locals.
About 4 metres under the water around Cu Lao Cham’s islet is an incredible world if wonders. When the sea is calm and it is sunny, tourists can travel across it in a glass bottom boats to see the coral. Adventure-loving tourists can don diving gear provided by the Sea Reserve Management Board and experience the underwater world and the marvellous world of coral. All around them, there are sea cucumbers and colourful fish dining on the coral parasites.
Not many tourists travel to Vietnam and know Cham island. To raise local people and tourists’ awareness of Cu Lao Cham forest and sea resources, the authorities in Hoian City launched a campaign to inform the public of the importance of protecting this natural wonderland. In addition, they have made it easier for the local people to stabilise their life by fishing, farming and supplying tourist services.